There are 19 officially recognized types of hamsters that are a part of 7 different genera. This creature inhabits arid areas with dry forests, rocky steppes, and shrubby slopes. They are the biggest breed of hamster, which makes them a … Your email address will not be published. They get their name from Charles William Campbell, who first caught one in Mongolia back in 1904. These hamsters live in long burrows that they emerge from in the early hours of the night to forage for seeds. Why is it so popular? They usually measure in between two to three inches when fully grown. Of these hamsters, many are rarely kept as pets. Learn how to create a happy, healthy home for your pet. There are five main breeds of hamster commonly kept as pets in the UK, each with their own unique care requirements and temperaments. One of two species of Russian dwarf hamsters, Campbell's Dwarf … Despite its name, this hamster species is found in India, Nepal, and China in addition to Tibet. Shop Petco's collection of small pets & animals, including live hamsters, guinea pigs, ferrets & more. Syrian Hamsters are also known as Golden or Teddy bear hamsters due to their most commonly recurring color and chubby bodies. These are domesticated hamsters that are commonly found in pet stores and are suitable for pet ownership. At around 4-9 cm, the Roborovski hamsters are the smallest. There are several species of pet dwarf hamsters to choose from, the most common being Campbell’s, Winter Whites, Roborovskis and Chinese. They also tend to be a bit more mild-mannered and reserved than Campbell's hamsters. This very tiny dwarf hamster isn't actually a true dwarf, but it does only grow to about 3 inches in length. These extremely adaptable hamsters live in scrublands, sand dunes, farmlands, and desert steppes. This type of hamster food is made of a variety of grasses and grains that are healthy for hamsters, mixed together and pressed into small pellets. It's found in China and Mongolia where it lives in burrows beneath desert shrubbery. Various species of dwarf hamster are also common as pets, including the Roborovski hamster, known colloquially as the Robo, despite not being a cool cybernetic hamster of the future. Campbell’s Dwarf hamster. Well, it has a good size (not too small), it’s cute, and it’s more social and curious than the other types. It has a body length of around 7 inches. Those are the Syrian, Campbell's Dwarf, Roborovski Dwarf, Winter White Dwarf, and Chinese hamsters. These creatures... 2. Chinese Hamsters: around 4 inches (10 cm) - and, unlike other hamsters, they have a noticeable tail as well. There are only 5, so if you hear any other names that are different they are probably just nicknames. Read our, Dwarf Winter White Russian Hamsters: Species Profile, Campbell's Dwarf Russian Hamster: Species Profile, How to Breed Campbell and Winter White Dwarf Russian Hamsters, Breeding Information for Roborovski Dwarf Hamsters, Syrian Hamster (Golden Hamster): Species Profile, Why Syrian Hamsters Live Together in Pet Stores but Not at Your Home, Learn to Tell If Your Hamster Is Male or Female. Additionally, this species is genetically predisposed to diabetes.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'beyondthetreat_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_0',138,'0','0'])); These tiny hamsters originally roamed throughout the deserts of central Asia, but they've become popular pets recently due to their fun temperament and tiny size. A type of dwarf hamster, the winter white, can grow up to four inches long. What Should You Do If Your Hamster Has Babies? It's found in China and Mongolia. It has a sandy brown dorsal coloraing with a greyish-white ventral coloring. In the wild, hamsters are crepuscular and stay underground during the day. It's found in both grassy and mountain steppes at high elevations and favors pastures and cultivated land. There are essentially only 5 types of hamsters are kept as pets. Specifically, this hamster lives in birch forests, desert steppes, scrublands, swampy grasslands, and Alpine meadows. The European hamster is the only species in the genus Cricetus. In terms of personality, Syrian hamsters tend to be more solitary, meaning that they should be kept alone in their cage. This hamster originates from Kazakhstan and south west Siberia; they are also... 3. They also require very large enclosures with plenty of room to run around. Here are the 5 Domesticated species of hamster! Examples of self hamsters include the black, cream, mink and sable. Other colourations usually come from a hybrid gene with the Campbell’s hamster, meaning these are not true Winter Whites. Syrian Hamster. Your hamster could start chewing the metal bars, which can cause oral health issues with time. However, if you're looking for more of a display hamster that's full of energy, Roborovski Dwarf hamsters are great. If you're looking for a pet hamster to be involved with, Syrian hamsters are great. Biology And Diseases Of Hamsters. They can get along well with their owners, too, as long as proper interaction is taking place and regular entertainment is provided. Syrian Hamster. It has an average body length of about 4.3 inches with a tail that's at least 1/3 of that length. Roborovski hamster. Syrian hamsters are one of the most common types of hamsters that are kept as pets. However, over the years many different colours, coat lengths, patterns and coat types have now developed due to mutations. Generally, they are quite cuddly and good-natured, as well as less likely to bite or nip. ... P. campbelli. The most common types of pet hamsters include the Mesocritecus auratusor the Syrian hamster, the Phodopusor the dwarf hamsters, and the Crisetulus griseusor the Chinese hamsters. Dwarf Hamster BreedSource: TanayaAfter the original discovery of the Syrian hamster, other specieswerediscovered in other parts of Central Asia and the Middle East.Campbell’s dwarfhamster, Roborovsky’s dwarf hamster, and the Chinese hamster are allconsidered ‘dwarf’ hamster species and are all common as pet hamsters.These species are not actually dwarfs, but are referred to as suchbecause of their small size relative to the Syrian hamster. Different species of hamsters should never be kept together. This can make them a better choice for families with older children. A Syrian hamster will need a different type of cage than a Chinese hamster. P. sungorus. It's native to a large area in Eurasia, ranging from Belgium to the Altai mountains to Russia. The different hamster varieties do have a quite significant physical size range. The Roborovskii Hamster is the smallest of the small when it comes to different types of hamsters. Explore our small animal pet store here. As the most common of all types of pet hamsters, Syrians are also the largest and longest-lived. The Syrian hamster, also known as the golden hamster, is among the most popular choices for small pets.It's generally easy to tame, fun to watch, and fairly low-maintenance, making it a good pet for beginners.These hamsters come from arid regions of northern Syria and southern Turkey. These hamsters reach an average length of 2 inches, and their fluffy fur that comes in a variety of different colors makes them look extremely cute. It's endemix to China, and is the only species in the genus Cansumys. This nocturnal species lives solitarily in complex burrows where it stashes and eats seeds, legumes, vegetables, grasses, and insects. Therefore, they're best to just observe, and fortunately they put on quite a show. From hamsters, gerbils, mice and more, we'll help you find the perfect little friend to welcome into your home. Examples of agouti hamsters include the golden, yellow, cinnamon and grey. Your email address will not be published. It also has very large, rounded ears. The European breed can grow as large as 13.4 inches (34 centimeters) long and are some of the biggest varieties of hamsters. Required fields are marked *, Get exclusive pet tips, tricks, and fun stuff that we love :), About         Contact         Medical Disclaimer         Terms         Privacy. Syrian hamsters, or Teddy Bear hamsters, are also known as black bear hamsters, golden hamsters or fancy hamsters, depending on their coloring. Choose from variety of small pets for sale. Chinese hamsters are very energetic, so this trait combined with their small size means that they aren't easy to handle. They are perfect pets for children and this is the breed that a lot of first time purchases choose. This species has an average body length of about 4 inches with a 2 inch tail. The following 14 types of hamsters listed are mostly found in the wild and are almost never kept as pets. Miedel, Emily L., and F. Claire Hankenson. All of the other hamsters that are listed have not been domesticated and are rarely kept as pets. This means that they're best kept in very large hamster cages. A hamster is considered as one of the best and cutest pets in the world, but there are so many different breeds of hamsters that it is difficult to decide which one is best for you. The Spruce Pets uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Its underside is greyish-white. These creatures can grow up to 6 inches in length, making them one of the largest species as well. Also known as the Georgian hamster, the Ciscaucasian hamster is found only in Georgia and Russia. Winter White Russian dwarf hamster. Hybrid Hamsters. There are four species of dwarf hamsters (Campbell’s Russian Hamster, Winter White Hamster, Roborovskii’s Hamster, and the Chinese Hamster). In terms of color, it's mostly a light greyish-brown with a faint stripe on the spine. Here is a basic guide to the top five hamster breeds that you are most likely to come across in the search for your perfect pet, in order to help you make a decision as to the type most suitable for you. Syrian Hamster. The Syrian hamster (often called Golden hamster) is the most common species of hamster used as pet. European hamsters are crepuscular and eat seeds, legumes, grasses, vegetables, and insects. Endemic to Kazakhstan, Eversmann's hamster was named after the Russian naturalist, zoologist, and explorer Eduard Friedrich Eversmann. Elsevier, doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-409527-4.00005-5. The most common pet hamster, the Syrian hamster, also known as the teddy bear hamster or golden hamster, usually grows to abo… These tiny hamsters grow to around 2 to 4 inches (5.5 to 10.5 cm) long. While most dwarf species are limited in their colors, this species can come in a wide variety of different colors and sheens. The Long-Tailed Dwarf Hamster is found in Russia, China, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia. Their adorable appearance, fun personality, and relative ease of care makes them a great choice for all households and all ages. It's part of the family Cricetidae, which is the second largest family of mammals. Coloration is relatively muted, with a sandy brownish-grey dorsal coloring and light grey ventral coloring. Cleaning each rung of the metal cage can be kind of annoying, even if it is necessary. This species digs burrows as deep as 5 feet beneath the ground. There may be endless sources of information for pet owners looking to invest in their next furry friend—assuming, of … We may earn commissions from the links within this post.​. This species of hamster is considered an agricultural pest as well, and it's often hunted for its fur. Laboratory Animal Medicine, 2015, pp. Dwarf Hamsters. Types of hamsters There are five pet hamster species, including the Syrian or Golden Hamster. The natural color of most Syrian hamsters is golden brown with a lighter belly. So, in this post we will be highlighting all of the different kinds of hamsters that exist. They have good energy, can be carefully handled, and are mostly friendly with proper handling. While cute, this hamster is considered an agricultural pest as it feeds on grasses, herbs, seeds, and various crops. It's very closely related to the Syrian hamster, but it's more unknown and rarely kept as a pet. The first 5 hamsters listed are hamsters that are commonly kept as pets. Hamsters belong to the rodent family and are very playful and sociable. Its fur is grey with a light brown-yellow hue and a dark stripe running down its body. Gerbil vs. Hamster – Which Is The Right Pet For You. Unfortunately, standard cages you will find at the pet store are not "one size fits all" in regards to hamster varieties. Types of Hamsters Syrian hamsters are the most common type kept as pets. It has an average body length of about 3.9 inches with a short snout, wide-set eyes, and dark rounded eyes. The dwarf hamster lives up to its name. Although this species of hamster is a treat to watch, the speed with which they move can make handling them a bit tricky. Learn more about the different types of hamsters, including Syrian, Roborovski, Chinese and dwarf hamsters, and what makes them unique from each other, here. Roborovski Hamsters. The Syrian hamster (also known as the golden, teddy bear, or fancy hamster) is one of the most common types of pet hamsters, according to The … As always, if you have any questions about the type of hamster and specific care needs, be sure to talk with people at a pet store or with your veterinarian. The Gansu hamster is also a part of the family Cricetidae. They are a bit like a mouse.Wild hamsters live in the desert, but people all over the world keep domesticated hamsters as pets.. Syrian hamsters are one of the most common types of hamsters that are kept as pets. Hamsters belong to the subfamily Cricetinae, which contains 19 different species of hamsters that fall under 7 genera. Be sure to understand how big your hamster is expected to grow and have a hamster habitat that is suitable for your size hamster. Campbell hamsters are much faster than Syrian hamsters, which is a trait that puts some prospective owners off. Winter White Dwarf hamsters get their name from the fact that their gray fur usually turns white in the winter in order to disguise themselves from predators. They're also very bold, friendly, active, and fun to watch. It has a yellowish-brown coloration with a white throat and black ventral region. Though all dwarf hamsters seem similar in their needs, each species has a very different temperament and … Different varieties of hamsters do have slightly different expected lifespans, however, all varieties seem to live for approximately 2 years. It prefers mountainous regions, living in altitudes of up to 17,100 feet. The Turkish hamster is a type of hamster that's native to Turkey, Armenia, and several other surrounding nations. This is a very energetic and wild species, meaning that it isn't great for children or people that want to handle their hamster frequently. Although there are 24 different species of hamsters, only 5 breeds are used as pets. However, they can still be quick, making it tougher for younger children to handle. Lianne is a veterinarian, epidemiologist, and freelance writer who's written nearly 400 articles for The Spruce Pets. They're not nice to handle, but they're always doing something that's interesting. Dwarf Winter White Russian Hamsters. 5 Different Types of Hamsters for Pets (With Pictures) 1. The pellets may be dyed a variety of bright colors to enhance their appearance. Everybody wants to bring home a pet that's best-suited for them, and a good insight into the different types of hamsters will help with that. They come in three main colourations: normal (black & grey), sapphire (Bluish grey) and pearl (mainly white). These hamsters come from different geographical regions and have different physical attributes and behaviors. There are 19 types of hamsters in the world, although this figure varies depending on the classification used. They usually have a golden brown color with darker markings around their cheeks. One of two species of Russian dwarf hamsters, Campbell's Dwarf hamster is very commonly found for sale in pet stores, often falsely identified as Siberian dwarfs. Also called a Russian Dwarf hamster, these pint-sized pets are native to the desert areas of... 3. Syrian hamsters -- Also known as golden or teddy bear hamsters, Syrian hamsters are the most popular breed. Sokolov's Dwarf hamster was originally listed as conspecific with the Chinese Stripes hamster, but it was differentiated in 1988. There are two types of Russian dwarf hamsters and this dwarf hamster breed would be the first one. Residing in Northern China, the Greater Long-Tailed hamster is the only member of the genus Tscherskia. If you have mixed genders in one cage, you will likely have hamster babies soon. Note: We may earn commissions from the links within this post. It's considered a major pest in China since ancient times, eating crops rampantly throughout the year. Campbell's Dwarf hamsters are best kept in small groups, but they can still become territorial. Just like other pets, hamsters have different personalities or lifestyles based on their breed. It has a greyish-brown coloring on its dorsal fur that's sometimes spotted or streaked with black. While all hamsters have around the same lifespan and require very similar care, be sure to choose the hamster (or hamsters) that is the best fit for you. This is a very large hamster with a body length of about 11 inches. Size: 10cm (length) Temperament: Placid and easily tamed. Its fur is brownish-grey with white underparts. Campbell's Dwarf hamsters, Winter White Dwarf hamsters, and Chinese hamsters are all middle of the ground in terms of what they offer, which is great. The Syrian hamster is also most commonly know as the golden hamster as this is the original 'wild' colour. 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You hear any other names that are commonly kept as types of hamsters the family Cricetidae which... How big your hamster is found in the wild and are almost kept. Noticeable tail as well cage types in 1904, grasses, and Mongolia, argente ( sandy,... Find a hamster habitat that is large enough, safe, and F. Claire Hankenson scrublands... Different geographical regions and have a noticeable tail as well 's interesting friendly, active and... A white underside with a furry tail that 's found in both Bulgaria and Romania four. Active, and it 's more unknown and rarely kept as pets to.... Around 7 inches 's mostly a light brown-yellow hue and a flattened.! Their name from Charles William Campbell, who first caught one in Mongolia back 1904..., guinea pigs, ferrets & more better choice for families with older children much faster than Syrian hamsters incredibly... Differentiated in 1988 live alone ( they ’ types of hamsters the solitary types ) 3.7 inches with a short snout wide-set. Older children pet for you easy to handle, but it 's a! Your home cuddly and good-natured, as well, and explorer Eduard Friedrich Eversmann, Russia, Asia. Nutrition regardless of color their owners, too, as long as proper interaction is taking place and entertainment... Cheek crescents only member of the most... History easily tamed ( white ) pets.... And are some of the genus Cricetus many different colours, coat,!