We bring the articles in UPSC way for the civil services aspirants and the Wisest Way for general readers. © 2020 JournalsOfIndia - A free initiative by Manifest Team. Our vision is to orient the readers to grasp the facts objectively and analyse critically. Heeng, or asafoetida, is one of the key spices used in Indian cuisine to add flavour to various dishes. Usually plants of sour to five years old develop very thick and fleshy, carrot shaped roots. COMMON NAMES OF HING IN OTHER LANGUAGES (National/International): The Hing has come across the land of Iran from European Countries. It is also used in Kashmir cuisines like lamb/mutton dishes. The Hing is being cultivated and harvested from time immemorial. The Hing is known as the most important ingredient used in cuisines and medical practices but, there is another little known fact about Hing that is also serves as a pest repellent. In the rush of reaching first to the readers, the websites miss the balanced opinion, which is the need of the hour. The upper part of the root is laid bare and the stem is cut close to the crown. On October 15, the first seedling of asafoetida was … Asafoetida is one of the top condiments and is a high-value spice crop in India. The plants propagate through seeds. As it has contraceptive property, it should not be consumed by the pregnant women. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The tar is grayish-white when new, yet dries to a dim orange-yellow shading. As the seed is exposed to cold and moist climatic conditions, the process of germination starts. “The plant can withstand a maximum temperature between 35 and 40 degree, whereas during winters, it can survive in temperatures up to minus 4 degree. Ferula foetida is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). dears how to extend the ferula seeds cultivations on rain fed and on irrigated lands if anyone have information kindly please add your inputs. New Delhi: Farmers of the Lahaul Valley in Himachal Pradesh have taken up cultivation of hing (asafoetida), primarily because of the efforts of the Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT), using the vast wasteland in the remote cold desert conditions of the region, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has said. The maximum species are farmed by the local native people in the deserts of Iran and mountain region of Afghanistan. He said Hing is one of the best plant spices to be cultivated in sub Himalayan region of northern part of India specifically from Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and some hilly parts of Bihar states. The plant is around six feet in height. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and … Your Name. Experiments have been done on farmlands in Tamilnadu to indicate the efficiency of the substance as a pest repellent. This same crop is referred to both as “Food of the gods” and “devil’s dung”. Under the vigil of National Beaurau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi, IHBT procured seeds of this … New Delhi: Hing or asafoetida is a key part of the cuisine in many parts of India, but so far, it has had to be imported from countries like Afghanistan, Iran and Uzbekistan, because it was never grown locally. As it is a known fact that Hing grow best in deserts, it is evidently clear that the climatic conditions of a desert area are suitable for Hing cultivation. Agri Stimulus. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. the economically important species used for the production of, is reported from the western Himalaya (Chamba, HP), and, from Kashmir and Ladakh, which are not the species that yield, and takes approximately five years for the production of, resin in its roots, therefore cold desert areas of Indian Himalayan region are suitable for cultivation of, Feeder level solarisation under PM KUSUM scheme, Formation and promotion of 10,000  Farmer Produce Organizations (FPOs), Sahakar Pragya of the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC), International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics(ICRISAT), National Agricultural Higher Education Project, READY (Rural entrepreneurship awareness development yojana), Scheme on Fortification of Rice & its distribution through PDS. Asafoetida Cultivation in India – A promising business opportunity! It helps us in fighting against indigestion problem by smudging it on the abdomen with water. March and April are the best months for harvesting the crop. As the Hing crop needs abundance of sunlight, it can’t be grown in a shady region. The food also does not get contaminated easily. What is asafoetida and where is it commonly cultivated? Which is the suitable climate for the plant? As it is an aromatic material so the product should not be let loose and possibly packed immediately. The plant itself occurs in sandy, well-drained soils and was initially spotted growing by Western botanists in the Aral Desert, although Asafetida plant cultivation was known to take place as far back as the 12th century. 01. Hing Farming (Asafoetida), Cultivation Practices. This same crop is referred to both as “Food of the gods” and “devil’s dung”. Hing Plant cultivation in the kitchen garden or for commercial purpose can be done using the following specifications. The first cultivation of the Hing plant was started in the late 12th century. Ferula asafoetida is a herbaceous plant of the umbelliferae family. The Hing is in the form of dried latex gum, which is discharged from the herb called Rhizome or Ferula of several tap roots, the herb named perennial herb grows at the height of 1 to 1.5 m in length. The plant prefers cold and dry conditions for its growth and takes approximately five years for the production of oleo-gum resin in its roots, therefore cold desert areas of Indian Himalayan region are suitable for cultivation of asafoetida. The Hing is added while tempering the cooked food. The Marketing is most important part of Hing farming. Buy Hing, Asafoetida - Plant and 6000+ more gardening products online. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. 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This crop is expected to grow well in sandy areas and it is known to be grown by the Western botanists in the Aral desert region. The soil should be well drained as well. Using Hing slows-down the growth of microflora in the rectum that in turn can reduce the flatulence. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Asafoetida: A Bit of Botany a bit of botanical information about asafoetida description Ferula asafoetida is a monoecious, herbaceous, perennial plant of the family Umbelliferae, also called Apiaceae. The Hing has an aromatic smell and it is used in cooking as it conveys a smooth flavour of leek to the food. The first seedling was planted by CSIR-IHBT director Sanjay Kumar at a farmer's field in Kwaring village of Lahaul Valley on October 15 to mark initiation of asafoetida cultivation in India. India imports about 1200 tonnes of raw asafoetida annually from Afghanistan, Iran and Uzbekistan Lack of planting material of Ferula assa-foetida plants in India was a … CSIR-IHBT has made relentless efforts to introduce the crop in the country. Subscribe to Get Posts in E-Mail. It can also be used in salads by diluting it in water. Asafoetida (/ æ s ə ˈ f ɛ t ɪ d ə /; also spelled asafetida) is the dried latex (gum oleoresin) exuded from the rhizome or tap root of several species of Ferula (F. foetida and F. assa-foetida), perennial herbs growing 1 to 1.5 m (3.3 to 4.9 ft) tall. The roots of the plants are exposed to the surface by cutting the plants very close to the roots which then secrets a milky juice from the cut area. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. Does anyone have recommendations for online seller that sell viable seeds in small amounts. During extreme weather, the plant can get dormant,” said Kumar. Peucedanum jaeschkeanum,Hing has been used since ancient times as a home remedy for indigestion and other stomach problems. The seed must be implanted into the soil with the distance of 2 feet between each seed. The Hing farming is being practiced for centuries. CSIR- Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT), Palampur was the first institute to introduce asafoetida for cultivation in India. It is in flower in July. CSIR-IHBT brought in seeds of asafoetida and developed its agro-technology. In appearance, Asafetida is an … Another slice of the root is cut to extract more gum resin. Heeng, or Asafoetida, an essential spice in many Indian dishes, was planted for the first time in India on October 18. Jagdish Reddy. During extreme weather, the plant can get dormant. The Hing is used in pickles for flavor and also as a preservative. The hing is expected to be an Apiaceae (aromatic flowering species). It procured six varieties of heeng seeds from Iran through ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (ICAR-NBPGR) in 2018. Components of food (sweet, salty, sour and spicy) are harmonized by using Hing in food. The cultivation has been started in Kwaring village in Lahaul valley of Himachal Pradesh. You have entered an incorrect email address! This crop is considered to be self fertile and can also propagate through pollination by insects. It can tolerate temperatures between 35 and 40 degrees. Irrigation for Hing crops is required only during the process of germination. Ideal growth conditions: Sandy soil, very little moisture and annual rainfall of not more than 200mm. Asafoetida best grows in dry and cold conditions. The soil, which can be picked for the cultivation of the HING FARMING should be a mix of sand, loamy or clay. During extreme weather, the plant can get dormant. Asafoetida best grows in dry and cold conditions. This marked the initiation of asafoetida cultivation in India. Weekend Farming, Weekend Agriculture Guide. In a first, India takes up cultivation of Heeng: What you need to know Asafoetida, or heeng, is an everyday condiment used in an Indian kitchen. The Hing is used along with turmeric; it is used as a standard ingredient in curries, sambar and dal. If there is no moisture in the soil, irrigation or watering is done. The plant can withstand a maximum temperature between 35 and 40 degree, whereas during winters, it can survive in temperatures up to minus 4 degree. Himalayan towns like Darjeeling, Mussoorie and Kathmandu are going to fast… Seeds of the Hing plant should be selected properly to get a maximum yield. The Hing is scientifically named as “Asafoetida”. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. It will help them to utilize vast expanses of wasteland in the cold desert conditions of the region. The Hing is scientifically named as “Asafoetida”. Get Journals daily newsletter on your inbox. About Asafoetida (Hing): Ferula asafoetida is a herbaceous plant of the Umbelliferae family and it stores most of its nutrients deep inside its fleshy roots. CULTIVATION AND HARVESTING OF HING FARMING: Hing is popularly produced like a gum structure. Lack of planting material of Ferula assafoetida plants in India was a major bottleneck in the cultivation of this crop. It can also survive in temperatures up to minus 4 degrees. In Indian Vegetarian cuisine hing plays a critical role as it acts as. The crop can be only grown in the drained out areas like deserts. The asafoetida plant, Ferula assa-foetida, grows in cold and dry conditions and takes around five years for the production of the oleo gum resin in its roots, which is harvested, much like rubber tapping, to obtain the spice. On Dec 1, 2020 0Dec 1, 2020 0 The HING is also cultivated in places near to India. As the crops grow into trees in five years time and latex gum material is obtained from the roots and rhizomes of the plants. plants in India was a major bottleneck in the cultivation of this crop. Regions with sandy soil, very little moisture and annual rainfall of not more than 200mm are considered conducive for heeng … The Hing is cultivated the month of August at a temperature range of 20-30˚C or sometimes even more. Regions with sandy soil, very little moisture and annual rainfall of not more than 200mm are considered conducive for heeng cultivation in India; Therefore cold desert areas of Indian Himalayan region are suitable for the cultivation of asafoetida. CSIR-IHBT makes history by introducing asafoetida (Heeng), nstitute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT) farmers of the remote Lahaul valley in Himachal Pradesh taking up cultivation of. The following content is all about Hing Farming or Growing Asafoetida. Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. The seeds must be implanted into the soil directly at the early spring season. A distance of 5 feet between each crop of Hing should be maintained while Hing farming. We aim to reach the readers with more crispness, preciseness and relevance. The Hing is being cultivated and harvested from time immemorial. Ferula assa-foetida is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). Finding a preferable environment for asafoetida cultivation is not easy. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Get 1 Free Product Today All India Delivery Lowest prices. The roots are claimed to help the patients fighting against influenza and it also has the property of producing antiviral drugs that can kill the flu viruses easily. It said Asafoetida is one of the top condiments and is a high-value spice crop in India. The first cultivation of the Hing plant was started in the late 12th century. Tag: Asafoetida Plant Cultivation In Tamilnadu. Water-logging can harm the crops. When an acre of land is irrigated with diluted Asafoetida in the water, it is observed to protect the crops from pests and help in crop growth. • The first seedling of asafoetida was planted in Kwaring village of Lahaul valley on October 15, 2020 to mark the initiation of its cultivation in India. The plant is self-fertile. Regions for its cultivation. It is in flower in July. The plant is self-fertile. February 7, 2017 Afghani Asafoetida, Asafoetida, Asafoetida Cultivation, Asafoetida plant, Asafoetida Seeds, Spices Leave a comment Language Powered by WordPress.com . Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. India imports about 1200 tonnes of raw asafoetida annually from Afghanistan, Iran and Uzbekistan. This substance hardens when exposed to air and is extracted. Asafoetida Cultivation: The tar like gum originates from the dried sap separated from the stem and roots and is utilized as a zest. Air tight containers are used to store this strong aromatic substance. Location where sun directly interacts with land is selected. The cultivation is taken place using the vast wasteland in the remote cold dessert conditions of the region where the first seeding was planted on … It is a perennial plant whose oleo gum resin is extracted from its thick roots and rhizome. It is necessary to meet certain standards, the most important of which is a favorable temperature. India which was till now importing the herb will start growing the heeng in the country itself. What is Heeng? Benefits: The seeds can initially be grown in a greenhouse and then transferred to the soil at the seedling stage. For the domestic expedition the hing is taken to the Alexander the great, The person who returned from the north-eastern Persian, he found the plant And then he gave the name and fame to the plant in Silphium of Cyrene of North Africa. The Hing is widely used in medicines because it is considered to have antibiotic properties. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. However, during extreme weather, the plant can get dormant. India imports about 1200 tonnes of raw asafoetida annually from Afghanistan, Iran and Uzbekistan and spends about 100 million USD per year. The Hing can tolerate all pH levels like acidic, neutral and basic soil types. It grows to 6 or 7 feet high, with a circular mass of 10-15 inch leaves. Improved Spring Flower Garden Ideas, and Tips. It can be cultivated only in places where the temperature ranges from 0-35° C. … The cultivation of heeng started in India by its first plantation at Lahaul and Spiti district in Himachal Pradesh, at an altitude of about 11 thousand feet above sea level. CSIR-IHBT makes history by introducing asafoetida (Heeng)(Ferula assa-foetida seed) cultivation in Indian Himalayan region. The Hing is a combination of two to three spices. Dr. Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. For the first time in the country, heeng is being cultivated by scientists at CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource, Palampur (IHBT) in the Indian Himalayas. Crops are watered after testing the soil with a finger for moisture. Method of harvesting/tapping: The gum resin is obtained from incisions in the roots and rhizomes of the plants. ) are harmonized by using Hing slows-down the growth of microflora in the cultivation of the region in.. 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